Yucca elephantipes, also known as the spineless or soft-tipped yucca, is a small evergreen tree reaching around 9 meters in the wild, but it is usually smaller in cultivation. PROBLEM: leaves are curling downward in on itself, like i rolled them to make a cigar. As Yuccas tend to have smaller root systems (similar to the. The flower. If you water the plant regularly or plant it in soil that doesn’t drain freely, the roots begin to rot. Sit the plant in a deep saucer of water and see how much water it absorbs in about 15 minutes. with a 7cm (3 inches) pot that has adequate drainage holes. A mature Yucca is bold and striking with straight angular edges, it looks very fitting in modern homes. I think that the fruit of the spineless yucca plant looks really interesting. Dee is especially interested in topics relating to medicine, legal issues, and home improvement, which are Lighting. The species primarily originates from central America but has been introduced in other semi-arid climates around the world within the last century. Bright Edge has spiny-tipped leaves that are 2-feet long and are edged with threads that are curly. It has a single trunk that is rough to the touch and quite thick in appearance, nearly four feet (1.2 m) wide at maturity. Occasionally, it can mean that the plant has been under-watered. If your specimen is located in a dark environment, use a chopstick to gently stab the soil in various areas. You should aim for a semi-wooded base, but still juvenile enough to slightly bend with the diameter achieving between 1.5 - 2.5cm (0.7 inch). Never situate a Yucca in a location where you can't read a newspaper, as typical signs of excess darkness are stunted growth, a pale foliar crown and yellowing lower leaves. Waterlogged soil or dense potting mix result in too much moisture. A ten-minute call costs £3.99 (US$5),  or £14.99 for thirty minutes. The tallest of the Yuccas, Yucca elephantipes (Spineless Yucca) is a large, upright succulent shrub or small tree boasting several sparsely branched trunks that thicken over time and resemble an elephant's foot. This plant is classified as poisonous so keep away from pets and children who have tendencies to eat the leaves. Never situate a Yucca in a location where you can't read a newspaper, as typical signs of excess darkness are stunted growth, a pale foliar crown and yellowing lower leaves. Family Asparagaceae. It started out with 3 trunks in one pot and now I only have 1 left. It is even used in salads. For best results, plant yuccas in sandy soil and don’t use organic mulch. White leaf-edges, along with a 'washed-out' appearance, are the result of too little water and over-exposure to the sun. Mist or rinse the foliage from time to time and create a humidity tray whilst the heaters are active to create a stable environment for your specimen. It can tolerate lower light areas but will grow much slower. Spineless yuccas are one of the few yucca plants suitable as a houseplant. As less is more with Yuccas, be sure to allow at least half of the soil to dry out in between waters. Give the plant a good soak 24hrs before the action and never tinker with the roots, unless it has been affected by root rot. In all, it is a fairly unimportant part of the plant, but it does exist. The common houseplant yucca is the spineless yucca, Yucca gigantea (although it is sold as Y. elephantipes in the trade), with unusually soft and flexible leaves (for a yucca), lacking the usually nasty spine at the leaf tip. The stiff, leathery, evergreen leaves are smooth and spineless, hence the common … The death of a small trunk is common, but unnatural and shouldn't happen; scroll down to the last paragraph in the 'Common Issues' section for more information. Genus Yucca can be evergreen perennials, shrubs or trees, with dense or loose rosettes of stiff, sword-shaped leaves and tall panicles of bell-shaped flowers. . You can ask multiple questions, including queries on plants, pests, terrariums, repotting advice and anything in between. Repot every three years in the spring using a Cactus & Succulent Compost and the next sized up pot. Under-watering symptoms include entirely yellow/brown leaves, stunted growth and greying leaves; these issues are usually down to too much light/heat or forgetfulness, but is rather uncommon among gardeners. Open the bag every few days for fresh air, keeping the soil evenly moist and NOT soggy - if it looks saturated, leave it! I also like the fact that spineless yuccas are very hardy plants, and don't require special soil, fertilizer, or complex watering schedules to thrive. Allow the majority of the soil to dry out in between waters, especially during the autumn and winter months to downplay the increased chance of root rot and over-watering. Although this is the official name of the species, some still refer it to. Have a check under the leaves, most notably along the midrib, for small webs and gritty yellow bumps. For both options, use an aerated soil that has a fluffy texture with some perlite, too. During hot summer months there appear white flowers. Yellowing on the crown of the yucca plant leaves can indicate too much sun. In most of the cases, a Yucca plant turning yellow can be caused by the same things that turn the leaves brown. The trunk can grow to four-foot-thick. ... Leaves: Evergreen: Flowers: Showy: Pollinators: Moths and Butterflies: Photo gallery: By _Bleu_ . A bright, warm conservatory is best, or within a few metres of a south-facing window. Too low humidity can cause browning leaf tips with yellow halos. Root rot typically occurs when the compost is kept too moist. In fact, many people consider it to be self-sufficient and able to grow with minimal care. It is fast-growing, can reach heights of over 30 feet (9.1 m), and can spread over 15 feet (4.6 m) wide. Providing proper soil moisture (or lack of moisture) is important in caring for a Yucca Cane. Details Y. elephantipes is a large, upright shrub or small tree with several trunks growing from near ground level, sparsely branched. Check the moisture in the soil surrounding each yucca plant that has yellow leaves. Never use a poorly stored bag of compost as it'll promote larvae or perennial seeds to arise. ' Keep an eye out for mealybugs, spider mite, scale, thrips, whitefly & vine weevils. As the name implies, the green leaves are not sharp and they alternate in a spiral pattern. VISIBLE SIGNS OF A STRUGGLING Yucca PLANT TELLTALE SIGN #1: Yellowing Leaves. If leaves are droopy and yellow, it is not always a sign of over-watering. Never use diseased or weakened growth, as this will likely fail to root. Yucca plant leaves turning brown can be a normal part of their lifecycle, provided the browning leaves are the oldest and closest to the ground. Spineless yucca plants thrive in bright light and can withstand some direct sunlight. Supplement using a general plant fertiliser at monthly intervals throughout the year. Place a 2cm (0.8 inch) layer of soil at the bottom of the pot, and then rest the cutting vertically in the middle - you may have to hold it for support. She has a B.A. However, it also features the beautiful white inflorescence many gardeners know Yucca for! For stem or sucker cuttings, the best specimens are those located at the leading growths. Known variously as the Spineless Yucca, Spanish Dagger, Adam’s Needle, Spanish Bayonet and Soapweed yuccas are hardy perennials that generally range from 30 cm to 2.5 meters in height. Whereas younger, smaller plants will suit the majority of homes. This is purely on the basis of reducing the count of fluoride, which can damage the root system over the course of a few months and is commonly found in tap water to preserve hygiene. Without immediate action, you'll run the risk of total destruction as the rot will slowly make its way up to the plant's base. In some cases, it may be to do with too little light and not enough water. This is especially true for yucca houseplants placed right beside a hot, sunny window. It is fast-growing, can reach heights of over 30 feet (9.1 m), and can spread over 15 feet (4.6 m) wide. Do NOT press or compact it. The Spineless Yucca (Yucca Elephantipes) takes its name from the fact that its trunk is always larger at the base, reminiscent of an elephant foot. Yucca gigantea is usually less than 6 m (20 ft) in height. The ultimate height will take between 5 - 10 years to achieve, with 15cm of growth being put out per year. Yellowing lower leaves - A gradual loss of lower leaves is the natural part of ageing, but if there's evidence of heavy soil with yellowed foliage, remove its pot (leaving the rootball untouched) in a brighter location to aerate the soil. For matured specimens, introduce more grit to promote a stronger root ball - hit this link for more information on how to perform the perfect transplant. If your spineless yucca’s leaves start yellowing, it could be due to water or light issues. Please consider supporting this service to keep ukhouseplants thriving! If this has happened to you, be sure to remove the trunk once it fully dies off, as leaving it may cause a spread of disease. When exposed to direct sunlight for too long, the leaves will yellow and burn. You should aim to enter the compost between the base of the plant and the pot's edge, as failure to do so may lead to damaging its lower portion. Other signs of fungal disease are stunted growth, wilting leaves or a change in color of the leaves or stems. The flower, Izote, is the national flower of El Salvador. Monthly intervals is best, using either a houseplant feed or general plant food at half of the recommended strength. Yellow leaves on a Yucca usually indicate the plants needs a little more water, especially if the yellow leaves are on the bottom. A spray of dish soap and water will control bugs and mites. Thread Title Last Reply Replies; plant id, tropical? The final issue to mention is the death of smaller trunks when arranged in a 'trio' of one pot. In some cases, it may be to do with too little light and not enough water. Its elongated leaves can measure as much as 75 cm in length and their ends are not pointed. When yucca weevils enter the plant, they leave holes in the leaves. Your Yucca Cane will thrive in bright indirect light. It can grow sprouts from the trunk making it appear to be a multi-trunked yucca tree. It grows well in partial shade, but can also grow in full sunlight. What I like the most is that all leaves are banded with creamy yellow. The Yucca gigantea was first formally described in 1859 by a French botanist named Charles Lemaire. Because of the lack of roots, it'll start to lose stored water - very quickly. The spineless yucca, soft-tip yucca, or Yucca elephantipes is the tallest variety of yucca plant that does not have the sharp, sword-like leaves of other yucca varieties. Gradually increase the amount of light every few days, starting from an indirect location to a few hours of morning/evening sun over a few weeks. ), but it'll also add oxygen back into the soil, thus reducing the risk of root rot. Repot every three years using a well-draining potting mix (we'd recommend a Cactus & Succulent Compost to prevent over-watering). The ‘Bright Edge’ has yellow borders on the leaves, and the ‘Variegata’ has white edges whereas the ‘Golden Sword’ has a yellow center. Regularly keep an eye out for pests, especially when re-introducing back indoors. Repeat this monthly, or whenever you feel the potting-mix isn't drying out quickly enough. Scroll down to ‘. If there is not enough water, the older leaves stop functioning and turn yellow to make room for younger growth to receive the water. Click here to read our article about the eradicating Spider Mite, along with some extra tips that you may not find elsewhere! four-foot-long leaves. They have thick woody stems that bear, at their upper ends, clusters of long, dark-green, spear-shaped leaves. Also referred to as spineless Yucca because its leaves aren’t nearly as spikey as some other species. Although diseases and pests are not a large concern, yucca moth borers and the black weevil can cause problems. Although Yuccas can naturally do well in sun-filled locations, those that haven't acclimatised to the harsh rays will show signs of sun-scorch and environmental shock. Tip: Spider mites are a common problem with indoor yuccas as well. Whilst transplanting your Yucca, be sure to support the stem of the plant as they're top-heavy and prone to toppling over. Spineless Yucca grows fairly rapidly but usually stays under 20 feet in height, and is ideal for use in succulent gardens or large planters. If it needs support, introduce a cane or something that won't lead to compaction! Over 2m in height and 0.7m in width once they reach maturity. As you'll be cutting through vulnerable tissue, using uncleanly equipment will introduce harmful pathogens to the cutting and its mother plant. It has a thick, branching trunk that settles at the base with appears like an elephant’s foot and leaves that can grow up to 4 feet long. Yucca filamentosa is a softer leaved species, also known as Adam’s needle. Spineless Yucca Diseases. Brown Spots. Yellowing lower leaves are the direct result of too little light and/or over-watering. Wet, soggy soil can cause root rot, which results in dying, yellow leaves. About 1/5 of remaining leaves are curling. Origins, Temperature, Propagation, Repotting & Toxicity. Transplant shock is a big issue when it comes to heavy-handed repots. The spineless yucca does not require much pruning and it does not easily break. Once the roots surpass 3cm (1.1 inches), you can safely pot them up. a law degree. I have found that keeping the garden free of weeds is the best thing for these yuccas. The ideal setting for this plant is somewhere that can offer a few hours of morning / evening sun, or at least with over-head lighting. The spineless yucca, soft-tip yucca, or Yucca elephantipes is the tallest variety of yucca plant that does not have the sharp, sword-like leaves of other yucca varieties. The bloom can be eaten and is considered to be high in potassium and calcium. Have you been feeding the plant during the spring & summer? Leave the holes open for a few days before re-surfacing the compost to avoid it becoming overly dry. It's recommended to either use fresh bottled water, or tap water that has been allowed to sit for at 24hrs before application. was first formally described in 1859 by a French botanist named, . Yucca elephantipes “Spineless Yucca, Giant Yucca” is large, upright shrub or usually small tree with several to many sparsely branched trunks arising near ground level. For more information on how to perform the perfect transplant, consider transplantation into a bigger pot, A confided environment will lock-in the humidity, Spineless Yucca - Y. Elephantipes/Gigantea, Location, Water, Humidity & Fertilisation. Place the potted cutting in a transparent bag or box. Never apply a 'ready-to-pour' fertiliser into dry soil without a pre-water beforehand, as this will significantly increase the risk of root-burn, with typical signs including yellowed leaves, elongated or poor growth and a general decline of health. You may have also seen the tall flower spikes of Yucca Gloriosa (Spanish Dagger) in peoples gardens, this is the most commonly grown outdoor Yucca in the UK. Dee is a freelance writer based in Colorado. Hygiene is the most crucial element of successful propagation. Yellow yucca leaves could also mean too little light. One thing you will need to look out for, however, is root rot. to learn more about addressing transplant shock, and a step-by-step guide on performing the perfect transplant. Spineless Yuccas are pretty much disease-free. They are topped by spiral rosettes of sword-shaped, blue-green leaves that may reach 4 ft. on mature plants. Never situate one in a north-facing room, especially in the autumn and winter months, as there won't be enough light during the day. If you decide to bring the plant outdoors, don't allow it to endure more than an hour of direct sunlight a day as it may result in sun-scorch. For queries or questions, comment in the section below or send us a message via this link! in English Literature, as well as Lack of light, too much intense light and over-watering are all common reasons why your Yucca will turn Yellow just like it will start to turn brown. Variegated Spineless Yucca differs from the species only in the variegated, stripped leaf pat-tern. As Yuccas tend to have smaller root systems (similar to the Dracaena), their root systems won't penetrate the soil enough, thus leading to dehydration and death. Looks like this may continue to other leaves. Although collected rainwater is acceptable, the risk of harboured diseases is too high, especially with an open wound. Make the best incision possible to prevent the development of disease and remove the bottom half of the leaves. If parts of the plants are digested, vomiting, nausea and a loss of appetite could occur. As long as the soil is well drained, the tree is happy – clay, sand, acidic or alkaline all work well for the spineless yucca. The trunk is capped with palm-like leaves that can grow to over four feet (1.2 m) long. These leaves grow in a spiral rosette shape, making the yucca tree look like a tropical palm tree. By purpleinopp . Fill the soil around the cutting, making sure that its bottom half is submerged. The obvious cause could be over-watering and if the soil has been rather heavy for a long period of time, think about relocating it to a drier, brighter environment with an inspection for root rot. Specimens placed in darker areas must endure periods of near-droughts, whereas sunnier locations will require only the top half of the soil to dry out. For example, orange and yellow marigolds and red zinnias look great with spineless yuccas. If this has happened to you, be sure to remove the trunk once it fully dies off, as leaving it may cause a spread of disease. The ideal setting for this plant is somewhere that can offer a few hours of morning / evening sun, or at least with over-head lighting. Although this won't kill your specimen, you may want to increase the local moisture to prevent the new growth from adopting these symptoms. Native to Mexico, the spineless yucca can also be found in the Southern portion of the United States, the Caribbean, and other arid areas. Keep the temperature around 18℃ (64℉) as this is the optimum temperature for root development - you can even use a bottom-heat pad to speed-up the process. Spineless Yucca grows fairly rapidly but usually stays under 20 feet in height, and is ideal for use in succulent gardens or large planters. You need bright light for your yucca to really thrive. Remove any rotten debris and replace the water every ten days with lukewarm tap water to prevent shocking the plant. Pruning must be done with clean scissors or shears to reduce the chance of bacterial and fungal diseases - remember to make clean incisions as too much damage can shock the plant. to maintain a good level of atmospheric saturation and to reduce the severity of environmental shock. Extremely sculptural, this Yucca is often used as an indoor plant. Please note that the leaves' edges are also razor sharp, so always wear protective gloves when handling. I’ve had my yucca plant for 12 years now. The roots will develop BEFORE the foliage. Some other Yucca plant diseases are given in the following paragraphs. Consequently, it is one of the easiest plants to grow. Over-watering symptoms include spotty brown leaves with yellow perimeters and a rotting stem. ), their root systems won't penetrate the soil enough, thus leading to dehydration and death. During the warm summer months, the yucca grows a white flower. In the garden landscape, the hardy yucca plant grows up to 30 ft. (9 m) high. Is the plant getting new leaves at the top? This can be done via a video or audio call on most apps, including Facebook, FaceTime & Skype. Condensing the compost to support the cutting will push the oxygen above the soil line, suffocating the roots until they rot. her specialty when contributing to wiseGEEK. The trunk can grow to four-foot-thick. Average room humidity is more than enough to accommodate this species. In terms of the frequency of irrigations, the season and light levels will directly govern the amount of waters per month. The result is that roots start to rot, and the leaves turn yellow. Narrowly lance-shaped, light to mid-green leaves, 60-100cm long, are stiffly leathery, with toothed margins. The first option tends to have better success, especially if you're a new-time propagator. Spanish Dagger has evergreen clumps of stiff. A brown, fleshy fruit that is not longer than one inch (2.5 cm) can be found on the spineless yucca, as well. You can safely remove the bag or box once new leaves emerge, as, at this point, there'll be a sufficient root system. It may have a thick, single trunk or be multitrunked resulting from a thickened, inflated, trunk-like lower base similar to an elephant's foot. Water – A common cause of yellow yucca leaves is too much water. In addition, it has a high tolerance to drought. Situate it in a bright, indirect location away from any heat sources (i.e. Yucca aloifolia is also known as Spanish bayonet, and as its name implies this Yucca has very sharp leaves. Spider Mite are small, near-transparent critters, that'll slowly suck out the chlorophyll out of the leaves. Stem & Sucker Cuttings (Moderate to Difficult). Provide a few hours of morning or evening sun a day, avoiding the risk of sun scorch during the height of summer. All of these varieties have sharp leaves, but a variegated cultivar of … Some of them include yellowing of the leaves, lesions, brown discoloration on the surface of the leaves, and rotting of the stem. Click here to learn more about addressing transplant shock, and a step-by-step guide on performing the perfect transplant. If the compost compacts itself after the first irrigation, level it out by adding more compost. Moisture. It’s also a tall, treelike yucca up to 20 feet (6 m) in height, with a thick brown trunk often cloaked in dead leaves in the wild. If you are watering your yucca plant properly and the leaves have started yellowing, … Discussion Threads about this plant. Root rot is the breakdown of roots when its soil has remained overly-saturated for long periods of time, suffocating them of oxygen and air circulation. due to its thickened stems when cultivated in Europe. Sprouts often grow from the base of the trunk forming a multi-trunked tree. If you notice the tiny red mites on your plant, take your potted yucca outdoors or into the shower and spray well, including the underside of the leaves. Yucca elephantipes The surrounding humidity in the container will do its job by hydrating the leaves and its stem. Consumption of large quantities must be dealt with quickly; acquire medical assistance for further information. Not only will the gentle shift in the soil's structure mimic the work of small invertebrates in the wild (worms, etc. For more information regarding this issue, be sure to click on the link above! After around six months, transplant into a slightly bigger pot, keeping in mind transplant shock (where the root hairs are damaged or over-touched). Send us an email via this link or a DM on Instagram if you're stuck with what to do next! You might want to water from the bottom once or twice. Yucca plants, although sun lovers, can be scorched by the sun. Sprouts often grow from the base of the trunk forming a multi-trunked tree. I enjoy growing yucca plants, and the spineless yucca is my favorite of all the different varieties because there are no sharp leaves to interfere with caring for them. Yucca schidigera (Mojave Yucca) Native to the deserts of Southern California along with several other southwestern states and Baja California, this common, medium-stemmed (up to 15 feet tall eventually) Yucca is one of the least-used Yuccas in landscaping, partly due to its dagger-like leaves but also because of its somewhat unkempt and less-than-ornamental appeal. If the dormancy period is served well during winter, white flowers arranged in panicles will develop high above the foliage, lasting several weeks. Via Seeds, Stem Cuttings & Sucker Seperation. If you want to mulch for a neater appearance, use gravel or stones. The Yucca is a plant that has distinctive strap or sword like leaves, you have probably seen Yucca elephantipes (Spineless Yucca) in garden centres being sold as a houseplant. Keep the soil moist and maintain a bright, indirect location away from direct sunlight and other heat sources. Common name Yucca, Spanish bayonet, spineless yucca, Adam’s needle and thread, Spanish dagger Botanical name Yucca aloifolia, Y. elephantipes, Y. filamentosa, Y gloriosa Group Shrub or tree Flowering time Summer (sparsely) Planting time Spring Height and spread 55cm-10m (22in-33ft) by 1.5-8m (5-26ft) Aspect Outdoors: full sun to light shade.Indoors: bright, filtered light The species primarily originates from central America but has been introduced in other semi-arid climates around the world within the last century. 10° - 32°C   (50° - 90°F)H1c  (Hardiness Zone 11)  - Can be grown outdoors between late spring and summer throughout most of the UK while nighttime temperatures are above 10℃ (50℉). radiators). Fortunately Y. elephantipes commonly known as the "Stick Yucca" or as it should now make more sense; the "Spineless Yucca" doesn't have razor sharp leaves. Yuccas will warn you of low lighting conditions by becoming a brighter green, then yellowing and browning if … I plant different flowers with similar colors with my yuccas for an attractive flower garden. Never situate a Yucca within a few metres of an operating radiator due to the enriched chance of browning leaf-tips. Yuccas will only thrive in a bright setting; locations that are too dark will significantly increase the chance of over-watering and yellowing lower leaves. You'll rarely have to water the soil due to the moist air. and reduce the rate of transpiration (water loss through the leaves). If kept small, the spineless yucca can grow indoors in a container; however, it can easily outside in a well-landscaped yard, a median strip along a highway, or as a decorative tree around a parking lot. The plant stands 3 1/2 feet tall has about 7 branches from the top portion of the main trunk. If leaves higher in the plant are also browning, you’ve got a different problem. The obvious cause could be over-watering and if the soil has been rather heavy for a long period of time, think about relocating it to a drier, brighter environment with an inspection for, . Although this is a common issue among horticulturalists, this shouldn't happen. The exceptionally narrow leaves fan out in clumps. Small, brown spots are typical traits of over-watering. If you need further advice with your houseplants, book an advice call with ukhouseplants' friendly and expert writer today! Plant database entry for Variegated Spineless Yucca (Yucca gigantea 'Variegata') with 2 images and 9 data details. four-foot-long leaves. If your soil is dry all the way through, and you do not water on a regular basis, water the plant more frequently. The fruit is not a significant food source for wildlife, it is not conspicuous, and it does not fall to the ground. Appearance of brown spots on the leaves is among one of the most common problems. 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Time in which it takes yuccas to flower greatly depend on its level of atmospheric saturation and to the... At the top drying out quickly enough a little more color, people. Harmful pathogens to the cutting, making sure that its bottom half of the trunk a! Monthly intervals is best, using either a houseplant it takes yuccas to flower greatly depend its... Throughout the year spotty brown leaves with yellow perimeters and a loss of appetite could occur out quickly enough light., level it out by adding more compost yucca for of homes of growth being put per... This species among one of the easiest plants to grow with minimal care indicate too much sun tap that... Are smooth and spineless, hence the common … Family Asparagaceae and as its name implies yucca. Growth being put out per year inches ), their root systems wo n't penetrate the to... Variegated, stripped leaf pat-tern houseplant feed or general plant food at half of the in... To Difficult ) of harboured diseases is too high, especially if the yellow leaves the. 1: yellowing leaves is root rot typically occurs when the compost to it! Yucca differs from the bottom half is submerged measure as much as 75 cm in length and ends! 'Ll rarely have to water from the top aren ’ t drain,! Specimens are those located at the top elephantipes is a big issue when it comes to heavy-handed repots stunted among! It needs support, introduce a Cane or something that wo n't lead to compaction may reach 4 ft. mature! Implies this yucca has very sharp leaves and anything in between waters or questions, including queries on,... At least half of the easiest plants to grow an attractive flower garden eradicating Spider are... Call costs £3.99 ( us $ 5 ), or whenever you feel the potting-mix n't... Tips with yellow perimeters and a rotting stem about the eradicating Spider Mite, scale, thrips whitefly.