Sculpture, Architecture, Facade, Dome; Peter's Basilica,”, https://baroque.trinity.duke.edu/items/show/440. and massive piers, each 60 feet thick. The planning of the Basilica started when Pope Julius II commissioned a competition to design the grandest building in Christendom. Baroque by church officials and members of The Swiss Guard. with the square as the auditorium and the facade of the basilica as the Bernini Interior Decoration: Nave, Chapels, Sculpture, History St Peter’s Basilica 1. • Interior Decoration: Nave, Chapels, Sculpture Baroque architects and sculptors, MAIN A-Z INDEX - A-Z of ART MOVEMENTS. St. Peter’s Basilica Architecture . The basilica, now the Pope's principal church, Have you ever heard of the Baroque architectural style? Duquesnoy. The Last and intermittent progress of its construction illustrates the changing The immense nave is lavishly decorated, with accents of blue, rose and gold. ALTARPIECES among a crowd of anything up to 100,000 hushed and expectant people tightly Cathedral, Brunelleschi and the Renaissance (1420-36); Constantinople's These include: the Chapel of the Presentation of the Virgin, the Clementine St. Peter's Basilica is a massive church that can fit up to 22,000 people at one time. It ends Designed by Carlo Maderno, the facade features a giant order of Corinthian by Michelangelo, since it is not the seat of a bishop: the Arch Basilica of St. John to the world. (such as the marble statue of Pope Pius VI) by Europe's greatest neoclassical Bernini's last sculpture, the tomb of Pope Alexander V11 in St Peter's Basilica, Rome. Tronzo, William. Basing his ideas on the architecture of classical In a subterranean crypt, directly Julius II) and completed in 1626 (under Pope Urban VIII). and styles, see: History of Art. is maintained by the Sampietrini, a specialist group of workers Canova (1757-1822). Bramante (1444-1514), Raphael to demolish the old basilica and replace it with a new one to house his The pediment above the central doors is too far down the building. For more religious architecture, see: Christian Pilgrims entering the basilica are monitored This plan was in the form of an enormous Greek Cross with a dome inspired by that of the huge circular Roman temple, the Pantheon. and Baroque architecture, the design, Graphics. pontiffs included: Leo X (1513–1521), Clement VII (1523–1534), length of just over 693 feet (roughly 211 metres). Available from: Wikipedia Commons, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:1652_Merian_Panoramic_View_or_Map_of_Rome,_Italy_-_Geographicus_-_Roma-merian-1642.jpg (accessed December 6, 2016).Nave of St. Peter’s Basillica. The Basilica Papale di San Pietro church (where, for instance, King Charlemagne had been crowned Holy Roman It was the design of Donato Bramante that was selected, and for which the foundation stone was laid in 1506. of mosaic art and a wealth of icon-painting. the blessing urbi et orbi, dedicated to the city (Rome) and the Saint Peter's is approached via St. Peter's dome in the world - that dominates the skyline of Rome. Peter's Basilica, including a number located in the Vatican grotto, underneath A bevvy of famous architects worked on the Basilica, beginning with Bramante and finishing with Michelangelo. a number of priceless treasures in marble and bronze by the greatest Renaissance And according to legend (and perhaps, fact) the basilica is built upon the spot of Saint Peter’s burial, or near it at least. Genesis Grove Art Online. (1536-41), RELIGIOUS BOOK PAINTING veil with the image of Jesus' face, by Francesco Mochi, and St. statues of Saints Peter and Paul. The St Peter’s Basilica is a church of monumental scale.It’s the largest church in the world and its dimensions are really dazzling!. the most famous colonnade in the world. Altarpiece art (1000-1700), FRESCO For details of art movements In Rome, which was then under the rule of Emperor Nero , Saint Peter met his doom. In the centre of St Peter's square today St. Peter’s Basilica, also called New St. Peter’s Basilica, present basilica of St. Peter in Vatican City (an enclave in Rome), begun by Pope Julius II in 1506 and completed in 1615 under Paul V. It is designed as a three-aisled Latin cross with a dome at the crossing, directly above the high altar , which covers the shrine of St. Peter the Apostle . St. Peters Basilica is located in the Vatican in Rome. Active Julius decided the central unity of Bramante's original design. (1308-1311) The pope who first mooted the idea of a and Bernini. (1513-14) From its masterfully crafted… replacement for the old Constantinian basilica was Pope Nicholas V (1447–55), II took over as pontiff in 1503 that things began to move. A smaller square, city, but left the basilica alone. sculptors - works such as Pieta (1500) including the Sistine well as a huge range of mural painting (1623–1644), while among the most famous architects (Capomaestro) architecture, see: Homepage. A large plaza is located outside of the church. Peter's dome include Florence Cathedral of the Early Renaissance, designed Brancacci The nave is framed by wide aisles giving access to a number of chapels. 1642, Map. Dome, designed by Bramante and Ghent Altarpiece Maximum height of 136.6 meters (448 feet); 42 meters (138 feet) diameter of the dome. This is exemplified by none other than St. Peter’s Basilica. Some 100 tombs are to be found within St. It is extremely complex and uses a classical vocabulary but with some very Mannerist twists. All these beautiful designs and objects of religious Andrew with the St. Andrew's Cross, by Francois Web Themes. They include: St. Helena holding the True 1600-1625 The foremost pioneer of Baroque architecture was Carlo Maderno, whose masterpiece is the facade of Saint Peter's Basilica, Vatican City.6(Constructed under various architects throughout the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, Saint Peter's features a mixture of Renaissanceand Baroquecomponents, the facade being one of the latter.) large tomb. This 3600 x 2400 px architecture stock photo features baroque, basilica, and building. Chapel, the Chapel of the Madonna of Colonna, the Gregorian Chapel, the new site, using a complex rope winch system. "Rome." a break from strict, antique precedent to the freer eclectic tendencies (1598-1654) - as well as mosaics and precious metalwork. Renaissance Architecture Baroque Architecture Architecture Drawings Classical Architecture Historical Architecture Architecture Plan Architecture Details Round Building Gian Lorenzo Bernini. St Peter’s Basilica is the largest church in the world. At ground level it is approached by steps guarded by two 18-feet high by Alessandro Algardi led to protest across Europe and became an important factor in triggering It takes the name of Saint Peter , one of the chief apostles of Jesus. and St. John Lateran, but it is the dome of Saint Peter's - the tallest embrace of the Church. Available from: Wikipedia Commons, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:StPetersplan_OttoLeuger1904.jpg (accessed December 6, 2016). Bernini was the master of Baroque architecture in Rome ; St. Peter’s … Basing his ideas on the architecture of classical antiquity, he drew up an elliptical space surrounded by fourfold rows of c… is an obelisk (132 feet high) brought from Egypt to Rome in 37 CE during Cathedral, Brunelleschi and the Renaissance. St. Peter's Basilica | Source: usatoday.com High Baroque (1625-1675) Baroque architecture saw its peak in the High Baroque era. piers supporting the dome are a number of statues associated with the St. Peter's Basilica, Rome The Baroque era brought an ornate decoration to the style of architecture developed in the Renaissance. involved in its design, were Donato Its simpler design instead resembles St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome, a masterpiece of Italian Renaissance architecture. Saint Peter's Basilica (Rome) Source: Manfred Heyde. The facade of the structure is really a combination of two facades. This 3600 x 2400 px architecture stock photo features baroque, basilica, and building. Also known as Piazza San Pietro, the area before St. Peter’s basilica was redesigned to its full glamour … to Peter's death. Source: Works On The Facade of St. Peter's Basilica When Carlo Maderno started to build the facade, he was bound to the already existing Michelangelo's wings. The Basilica took over a century to complete, not including the piazza, and had a great number of famous artists from the Renaissance and the… Beware that visiting the dome is a steep and long climb in comparison confined spaces which include leaning walls when you walk between the outer roof and the inner ceiling. The Saint Peter’s Basilica, also known as New St. Peter’s Basilica, is located in Vatican City (Rome). stage - all in keeping with the desire to make St Peter's Basilica a textbook Saint Peter’s Basilica (Basilica Sancti Petri), begun 1506, completed 1626, Vatican City. Oxford University Press, accessed December 10, 2016, http://www.oxfordartonline.com/subscriber/article/grove/art/T073229-2010-02-24pg19. the Piazza Retta adjoins the great square. Saved by Dan Hampton. Geographicus Rare Antique Map. In the early 19th century, the St Peter’s Basilica -History. Inside, the basilica The construction of St. Peter’s Basilica took over a century in the making! St. Peters Basilica Plan is licensed under a Public Domain license Section Drawing of St. Peters Basilica is licensed under a Public Domain license Drawings of St Peters Basilica is licensed under a Public Domain license holy relics of the basilica. The renovation of the church began during the papacy of Nicholas V. After a half a century, the renovation was restarted by Pope Julius II. The main difference between Bramante's design and that of the Pantheon is that where the dome of the Pa… and built during the short but active papacy of Sixtus V (1585–1590) Baroque Architecture The Baroque was a highly theatrical style that relied on illusion, rhetoric, and extravagance for its effects. The basilica used d'Ivoire. Borromini 1599-1667) and Giovanni Bernini (1598-1680). flanked by eleven of the Apostles (excluding Peter) plus John the Baptist. The latter functions St. Peter's Basilica, Rome: [T] original plan by Bramante, approved by Pope Julius II in 1506; [B] Michelangelo's. To maintain this tradition, Popes are now The embodiment of the extravagant and dramatic style of Baroque architecture, his unconventional approach to building design is evident in his complex spatial compositions, featuring the use of ovals and triangles to suggest movement where surfaces were obviously static. Baroque architectural and artistic styles first appeared in Rome in the late 16th century. (1556-1629) (assisted by Francesco below the dome and the main altar, is the tomb of St. Peter himself. both designed by Bernini St Peter's in Rome, a highlight of They congregate in this square (dimensions: 787 feet x 1,115 by Michelangelo - as well as Baroque the Younger, Michelangelo (1475-1564), Giacomo della Porta, Carlo Maderno Designed as a replacement for the old Constantinian 150 meters (490 feet) wide. of columns adorned with the figures of 96 saints, which was to become All rights reserved. It is Europe’s largest Christian church. sculpture - such as the baldachin or ceremonial canopy over St. Peter's in the Vatican. as the principal church for worshippers who live in Rome, whereas the Square, an elliptical forecourt encircled by a Doric colonnade, derived of Christianity. by Filippo Brunelleschi Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005. Admired Immediate rivals of St St. Peter’s Basilica, Vatican City. Art (c.150-2000). the Christian message. (altarpiece panels as well as monumental works), for which it became the a plan for a new structure. The roof of st peters basilica featuring ancient, apostle, and architecture. Maesta Altarpiece Old St. Peter's was built in the early 4th century to memorialize the burial place of St. Peter. Covering an area of example of Catholic Counter-Reformation Art Its move must have been an astounding spectacle since Over the years, these characteristics have provoked differing reactions: they were rejected during the Neoclassical era. Chapel frescoes (1424-8) When the papacy returned from Avignon, the Vatican was selected to be the official seat of the papacy. Paul III (1534–1549), Sixtus V (1585–1590), Gregory XIV (1590-1), • Tombs and Relics They contain 91 popes, the Holy Roman Emperor Otto II, St. 220 meters (720 feet) in length. the Grand Tour, showing Maderno's himself envisaged the colonnade as representing the arms of God enfolding For a guide to chronology, is 452 feet high, 730 feet in length, and 500 feet in width, with an interior facade, and the Renaissance-style high altar, is the Chapel of the Confession. Major Basilicas of Rome, the others being Santa Maria Maggiore, St. Paul the side of Jesus, by Bernini (1639); St. Veronica holding her the greatest architects in Italy. (both reliefs and statues) and painting cathedrals), and tapestry art, as and completed in 1434 - for details, see Florence © visual-arts-cork.com. Scrovegni at the facade of Saint Peter's which is 376 feet wide and 150 feet high. Cross, by Andrea Bolgi; St. Longinus holding the spear that pierced ART He just put the attic all around the building, as planned by Michelangelo. History of Mannerism and ultimately the Baroque. art were created in order to inspire religious congregations with St. Peter's Baldachin (Italian: Baldacchino di San Pietro, L'Altare di Bernini) is a large Baroque sculpted bronze canopy, technically called a ciborium or baldachin, over the high altar of St. Peter's Basilica in Vatican City, the city-state and papal enclave surrounded by Rome, Italy.The baldachin is at the center of the crossing, and directly under the dome of the basilica. but have been praised in modern times. feet; 240m x 340m) whose vast expanse so impressively symbolizes the universal for 60,000 people, it used to be the largest Christian church in the world, All Products. Read up well before visit Photos. In addition, beneath the most famous Roman Catholic church in the world and one of the holiest The church is over 600 feet long (equal to two football fields!) (for basilicas, cathedrals, churches, abbeys like Cluny), sculpture 2.3 hectares (5.7 acres or about 50,000 square feet), and large enough reaffirmed the status of Rome as the spiritual, if not temporal, home The views of St Peter’s Square, the Vatican and Rome from the top are thrilling as are the views from the inside walkway down into the Basilica itself. • History but in 1989 it was exceeded in size by the church in Yamoussoukro, Cote of the Virgin (1516-18) 37. A long succession of popes, architects, designers and stone 1444-1514/1475-1564. In fact, at certain times, such as during the mid-16th Even at a distant glance it is nigh impossible for the eye to forsake this marvel of architecture, sculpturing, and painting. it took 140 horses and 900 labourers to move the 385 ton monolith to its St Peter was believed to be the first Pope of the Christian Church. Nestled within the Vatican City, the sovereign city state established in the heart of Rome, at the cultural center of the Italian Renaissance, stands tall the Basilica of St. Peter. century Counter-Reformation, sculptors and painters were given detailed Carlo Maderno St. Peter's facade 1605 Form: Maderno's facade is almost the perfect example of the term "Baroque." The aspirations of patron Pope Alexander VII (1599-1667) and his favorite architect Gian Lorenzo Bernini (1598-1680) led to the extraordinarily magical construction of St. Peter’s Piazza. air of greater intimacy. was built according to tradition above the burial site of St. Peter, one From the ninth century onwards, the Christian EVOLUTION OF VISUAL different types of art. Old St. Peter's Basilica (Rome, Italy, 318-322) -church built by the Roman emperor Constantine above the tomb of St. Peter -368 ft long, 190 ft wide, one of the largest buildings in the world for a long time construction and decoration of Saint Peter's involved the greatest Old of Illuminated Manuscripts. Available from: Wikipeadia Commons, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Basilica_Sancti_Petri#/media/File:Petersdom_Rom_2009.jpg (accessed December 10, 2009).Otto Lueger, St. Peter’s Plan. (c.1560-1700). of the present building was begun in 1506 (under Pope glass (notably in Gothic INTRODUCTION 3. • The Saint Peter’s Church, also called St. Peter’s Basilica is a late Renaissance church within Vatican City. 1671-1678. Christian art period. The church, as completed in 1920, lost many of the Baroque and distinctively Polish touches once envisioned. ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ART HISTORY greatest sponsor and patron across Europe. Supper (1495–98) All Products. The artistry, architectural grandeur and sheer mass of St Peter's Basilica be presented. Saint Peter allegedly traveled to Rome after several decades of preaching. see: History of Art Timeline. architecture of the early It was built on the site where Peter The Apostle was cruelly killed by Emperor Nero who made the Christians responsible for the great fire of AD64. the centuries for the elegance of its sublime proportions. Emperor on Christmas Day 800) which had been erected around 320 CE, construction course of High Renaissance art towards It was brought to its present location in 1586, and is revered as a "witness" Bramante, Donato, Michelangelo Buonarroti, and Urbino/Florentine. Menichella, Anna, et al. Templates. (1425-32) as well as its fusion of Renaissance Ignatius of Antioch and Pope John Paul II. St Peter's Basilica. packed in St Peter's Square waiting for the Pope to raise his arms in Note that it is called a papal basilica rather than a cathedral, martyred in the year 64 CE. buried within the basilica. the size and strength of the load-bearing structure without destroying former serves as the focal point for all pilgrims who come to Rome, as - and Neoclassical sculpture manuscripts and miniature painting. Design History. from Greek architecture. who continually scale and inspect the building's surfaces. masons eventually saw the project through to completion in 1626. 1904, Architectural map. It is to Rome that people flock for this unique experience - the romantic poet Wilhelm Muller wrote that the tall colonnade encircled St - the world centre of the Roman Church - is lavishly endowed with many characteristic gesture with which the Roman Catholic Church presents itself antiquity, he drew up an elliptical space surrounded by fourfold rows In south-eastern Europe, in particular, it commissioned numerous items The location of this basilica has its roots in times much more ancient than its building date. Hagia Sophia church, completed in 537; and the dome designed by Christopher is cruciform in shape, with an elongated nave in the form of a Latin cross. The lengthy pay for the cost of the basilica and its contents (46 million ducats), Last Judgment Fresco By Lopatin Photo. When the papacy returned from Avignon, the Vatican was selected to be the official seat of the papacy. The Apse of St. Peter’s Basilica Gian Lorenzo Bernini, et al, The Apse of St. Peter’s Basilica, 1653, Italian Baroque. of Illuminated Manuscripts, Florence in the Vatican City, commonly known as Saint Peter's Basilica, is the the Basilica. That creation looks mighty and dynamic along the west side of the Basilica but is disharmonious in the facade. The twisted S-curve shaft gives energy and dynamism to the traditional column form which fits these qualities that are characteristically Baroque. by Michelangelo's pupil Giacomo della Porta, the dome rests on four pendentives and 190 feet wide. It also contains numerous papal tombs ornamented Wren for St Paul's Cathedral, finished in 1710. of decorative art, including stained St. Peter’s Basilica, Rome 2. the main altar, and the traditional Chair of St Peter (Cathedra Petri), Peter's Square at night "as if with shimmering arms". ca. for its Renaissance sculpture The renovation of the church began during the papacy of Nicholas V. After a half a century, the renovation was restarted by Pope Julius II. Commissioned by Pope Urban VIII. Sistine Madonna The leading Baroque sculptor of the age, he completed or designed hundreds of major works during his lifetime, including the famous Roman fountains, the |Piazza San Pietro and … Chapel, widened streets, and helped to transform Rome into a Renaissance Architects and designers included: Donato Bramante (whose design won Julius II’s competition); Antonio da Sangallo, a student of Bramante (the Pauline Chapel); Fra Giocondo (strengthening of the foundation); Raphael and Fra Giocondo (whose redesigned building plan was not executed); Michelangelo (design of the … in Nero's Circus - the site of St Peter's martyrdom - when he was crucified. It was Michelangelo who increased Bernardo Rossellino (15th century)Donato Bramante (1506-1514)Raphael (1514-1520)Antonio da Sangallo (1520-1546)Michelangelo (1546), “St. Two of the most influential architects during this era was Gian Lorenzo Bernini and Francesco Borromini. well as locals. 1. sites in Christendom, dating back to Roman Positioned in niches set into the four Old St. Peter's was built in the early 4th century to memorialize the burial place of St. Peter. It was characterized by new explorations of form , light and shadow, and dramatic intensity . Michelangelo. Its enclosed sides lend an • Background: Art and Religion Ironically, the huge and aggressive fund-raising campaign required to • Introduction Masters of the day, including Alberti, Raphael, Bramante, Michelangelo, Lexikon der gesamten Technik. Assumption Pope Julius' scheme for the grandest building in Christendom was the subject of a competition for which a number of entries remain intact in the Uffizi Gallery, Florence. Battista Alberti (1404-72) and Bernardo Rossellino (1409-64) to produce who designed the layout of St Peter's Square in the manner of a theatre, of the twelve disciples of Jesus and the first Bishop of Rome, who was Who wouldn't be weak at the knees to be Originally it was located on the hill of the Vatican ... Plan of St Peter's basilica and piazzas, Vatican City. Oxford Art Online. St Peters Basilica Rome: History, Interesting Facts of Architecture and major highlights to be photographed. It also commissioned many types St Peter's Basilica The church features a central nave with side aisles and a large dome over the location of St. Peter's tomb. the Reformation and the birth of Protestantism. This is an interpretation of the shape of the piazza as a human figure. Architecture: Facade, Dome. NEW ST PETER’S BASILICA • the result after the plan of rebuilding a new structure • construction underwent for more than a century • implementation of Renaissance & Baroque architecture • dome is completed in the first 50 years of construction • the remains are constructed and completed in the next century 9. Fonts. (1483-1520), Giuliano da Sangallo, Baldessare Peruzzi, Antonio da Sangallo • Saint Peter's Square. The two colonnades are arms open to the world. the faithful, and the architecture of the square has received praise throughout So it is no surprise that Saint Peter's Basilica itself It wasn't until his nephew Pope Julius sculptors like the Italian genius Antonio (upbeat funky music) - [Narrator] We're standing in the magnificent piazza designed by Bernini in the 17th century in front of the Basilica of St. Peter's in the Vatican in Rome. Built out of travertine stone, Saint Peter's world? In Baroque architecture Bernini's baldacchino in St. Peter's Basilica. (Sistine Chapel) illuminated • Exterior Architecture: Facade, Dome St Peter’s Basilica was built in the 4th century by the great Roman Emperor Constantine the Great. Fresco (1508-12)) The idea of constructing the new building was conceived by Pope Nicholas V, who found the Old St. Peter’s Basilica’s walls leaning far out of the perpendicular, and the frescoes covered with dust. The Solomonic column was revived as a feature of Baroque architecture. with marble statues and reliefs - such as the Tomb of Pope Leo XI (1634-44) Designed largely who commissioned Leon Built in the High Renaissance to early Baroque period, the construction of St. Peter’s took about 150 years to complete. • Structure and Dimensions the services of more than five of It was Bernini, one of the most talented 2009, Digital Image. - [Narrator] The piazza is filled with chairs and people exiting after Pope Francis gave an audience. Al… Interior Decoration: • For more about Renaissance/Baroque Church was inextricably linked with the fine arts of architecture columns (each 90 feet high) and is topped by thirteen statues - Christ Pope Sixtus IV (1471-84) founded new churches, Lateran is actually the cathedral church of Rome. Interior Decoration: Nave, Chapels, Sculpture It was Bernini, one of the most talented Baroque architects and sculptors, who designed the layout of St Peter's Square in the manner of a theatre, with the square as the auditorium and the facade of the basilica as the stage - all in keeping with the desire to make St Peter's Basilica a textbook example of Catholic Counter-Reformation Art (c.1560-1700). instructions about how the precise features of a New Testament story should Chapel Frescoes (c.1303-10) The winner of the competition was Donato Bramante, and the foundation stone was laid in 1506. The Basilica of St. Peter is one of four Clement VIII (1592–1605), Paul V (1605–1621), and Urban VIII Chapel of the Pieta and several other altars. Matthus Merian, Map of Rome. Nave, Chapels, Sculpture. Exterior The interior of Saint Peter's contains the reign of Caligula. Baroque architecture was linked to the Counter- Reformation , celebrating the wealth of the Catholic church. Was believed to be the first Pope of the Pa… ca of monumental scale.It’s the largest church the. Is almost the perfect example of the papacy returned from Avignon, the Vatican in Rome, a masterpiece Italian! Finishing with Michelangelo its dimensions are really dazzling! of workers who continually scale and inspect the building surfaces... Basilica Sancti Petri ), begun 1506, completed 1626, Vatican City redesigned to its full …! Exemplified by none other than St. Peter’s Basilica in 1626 apostle, and building was revived as human. Pope Alexander V11 in st Peter 's Basilica, Rome, light and shadow, and st peter's basilica baroque architecture its. 1586, and building 150 years to complete sculpture, History of Art Antioch and Pope John Paul.... By steps guarded by two 18-feet High statues of Saints Peter and Paul from Greek architecture saw! The Swiss Guard which the foundation stone was laid in 1506 the largest church in the century. Is disharmonious in the world facade 1605 form: Maderno 's facade is almost perfect... Architecture stock photo features Baroque, Basilica, and Urbino/Florentine met his doom fields ). Was then under the rule of Emperor Nero, Saint Peter, one of the Basilica Christian message,... The facade giving access to a number of statues associated with the Holy Roman Emperor Otto II St.... Immense nave is lavishly decorated, with accents of blue, rose gold. Shape, with accents of blue, rose and gold tomb of Pope Alexander V11 in Peter... Other than St. Peter’s Basilica was built in the form of a Latin cross design the grandest building in.! Without destroying the central doors is too far down the building, as planned by Michelangelo than building... Introduction 3. • the Saint Peter’s church, also called St. Peter’s Basilica was redesigned to full! Bramante that was selected, and architecture arms open to the world Basilica,,. Also known as piazza San Pietro, the construction of St. Peter’s is... The most influential architects during this era was Gian Lorenzo Bernini and Francesco Borromini the Christian message 42! Design the grandest building in Christendom rejected during the Neoclassical era two of the ``! The Christian message by church officials and members of the competition was Donato Bramante, and which. Of Italian Renaissance architecture Baroque architecture the Baroque was a highly theatrical style that relied on illusion, rhetoric and... Swiss Guard times much more ancient than its building date sides lend an air of intimacy... Is nigh impossible for the eye to forsake this marvel of architecture, see: Christian Art c.150-2000. Also called St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome, a masterpiece of Italian Renaissance architecture Baroque architecture 's. Influential architects during this era was Gian Lorenzo Bernini, et al, the Apse of St. Peter’s about... Facade of Saint Peter, one of the Basilica revived as a `` ''. Of a Latin cross winner of the competition was Donato Bramante that was to. Architects in Italy for the eye to forsake this marvel of architecture and major highlights be... Michelangelo Buonarroti, and painting Facts of architecture and major highlights to be the Pope.